# VRCP28SD — Approximation to the Reciprocal of Scalar Double-Precision Floating-Point Value with Less Than 2^-28 Relative Error

Opcode/Instruction Op/En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
EVEX.NDS.LIG.66.0F38.W1 CB /r VRCP28SD xmm1 {k1}{z}, xmm2, xmm3/m64 {sae} A V/V AVX512ER Computes the approximate reciprocal ( < 2^-28 relative error) of the scalar double-precision floating-point value in xmm3/m64 and stores the results in xmm1. Under writemask. Also, upper double-precision floating-point value (bits[127:64]) from xmm2 is copied to xmm1[127:64].

## Instruction Operand Encoding ¶

 Op/En Tuple Type Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4 A Tuple1 Scalar ModRM:reg (w) EVEX.vvvv ModRM:r/m (r) NA

### Description ¶

Computes the reciprocal approximation of the low float64 value in the second source operand (the third operand) and store the result to the destination operand (the first operand). The approximate reciprocal is evaluated with less than 2^-28 of maximum relative error. The result is written into the low float64 element of the destination operand according to the writemask k1. Bits 127:64 of the destination is copied from the corresponding bits of the first source operand (the second operand).

A denormal input value is treated as zero and does not signal #DE, irrespective of MXCSR.DAZ. A denormal result is flushed to zero and does not signal #UE, irrespective of MXCSR.FTZ.

If any source element is NaN, the quietized NaN source value is returned for that element. If any source element is ±∞, ±0.0 is returned for that element. Also, if any source element is ±0.0, ±∞ is returned for that element.

The first source operand is an XMM register. The second source operand is an XMM register or a 64-bit memory location. The destination operand is a XMM register, conditionally updated using writemask k1.

### Operation ¶

#### VRCP28SD ((EVEX encoded versions) ¶

```IF k1[0] OR *no writemask* THEN
DEST[63: 0]←RCP_28_DP(1.0/SRC2[63: 0]);
ELSE
THEN *DEST[63: 0] remains unchanged*
DEST[63: 0]←0
FI;
FI;
ENDFOR;
DEST[127:64]←SRC1[127: 64]
DEST[MAXVL-1:128] ← 0
```

### Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent ¶

```VRCP28SD __m128d _mm_rcp28_round_sd ( __m128d a, __m128d b, int sae);
```
```VRCP28SD __m128d _mm_mask_rcp28_round_sd(__m128d s, __mmask8 m, __m128d a, __m128d b, int sae);
```
```VRCP28SD __m128d _mm_maskz_rcp28_round_sd(__mmask8 m, __m128d a, __m128d b, int sae);
```

### SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions ¶

Invalid (if SNaN input), Divide-by-zero

### Other Exceptions ¶

See Exceptions Type E3.